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I don't have any deep thoughts, except that paranoid disorder is an interesting test. The paranoid can often hold a true belief in a Gettier kind of way (spousal infidelity is the traditional example) and function well otherwise. The main quality about the paranoid belief is the affect associated with it - there are lots of "reasonable" nonparanoid beliefs that are just as resistant to change as those a clinician might label as pathological.

Hi Natalia,

I'm late to this party, but do you know Valerie Tiberius's work on well-being or what's good for people? Briefly, and with apologies to Valerie, the account goes like this. It's good for us to live in accordance with a sustainable and coherent set of values. And values, on this account, have both affective and cognitive components. We have positive emotional dispositions towards them and we think we have reason to live according to them.

As far as I can tell, her theory meets all three of your criteria. It doesn't assume anything implausible about our rational capacities. It's contextualist because it recognizes that people have different values and goals. And it allows for the idea that people can have inappropriate values (because either they conflict with other values they have or the values are not sustainable over time). What do you think?

Hey Tamler! Yeah, actually, Val's book The Reflective Life ( is a large part of the inspiration for this part of my work. One thing I'm pursuing right now is figuring out how recent accounts like hers and Dan Haybron's fare when thinking about mental illness!

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